Retirement Planning 101
An Investopedia reader from Indiana asks this question:
I have $1,000,000 in my 401(k) and am 48 years old. My wife and I have a $550,000 house paid off with no debt. We have $200,000 in CD’s and cash. I have a pension that assures I will receive $1,200 per month for life. Currently, I maxed out on my 401(k). We save $35,000 per year on top of both of our 401(k)’s. My wife is 50 and she also maxed out her 401(k), but plans to retire at 52. My question is when can I or should I retire?
Here’s my answer:
That is a great question. Congratulations on having accumulated much more savings than most people your age. To answer your question I would have to know a great deal more about you. For example:
- How much does it take you to live the lifestyle you would like in retirement?
- How long will you and your wife live?
- How do you plan to pay for medical expenses?
- When will you and your wife apply for Social Security benefits and how much will those be?
- What is your estimate for inflation as it affects the cost of living?
- Is your pension fixed or indexed for inflation?
- How will you invest your savings?
- Can you live in your pension and savings until you are 59 ½ and begin drawing on your 401(k) without a penalty?
These are just a few of the questions that need answering.
A million dollars is quite a bit of money. At your age your life expectancy is 36 years. Using the inflation rate (2.9%) for the past 36 years, something that costs $1.00 today will take $2.80 by the end of you actuarial life.
There are a lot of factors that need to be considered before you can get a good answer to your question. I would strongly recommend that you sit down with a financial planner who will provide you with a realistic retirement projection. The last thing you want to do once you retire is to find out that you have to go back to work to make ends meet.
If you are thinking about retiring, doing some serious planning is an absolute must, especially if you plan to retire early. Call us for an appointment.